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Portuguese Nationality can be achieved based on several grounds.

 

It can be by origin, in which its effects retroact to the date of birth. It occurs in the following situations:

  1. Children of Portuguese mother or father born on Portuguese territory;
  2. Children of Portuguese mother or father born abroad if the Portuguese parent is positioned at the service of the Portuguese Government;
  3. Children of Portuguese mother or father born abroad if their birth is inscribed in the Portuguese Civilian Registry or if they declare the will to be Portuguese Nationals.
  4. Individuals born abroad with, at least, one ascendant on the 2nd degree in a direct line of descent of Portuguese nationality that has not lost such nationality, while declaring the will to become Portuguese a citizen, have effective bonds with Portuguese community and, upon verification of the above, have their birth inscribed in the Portuguese Civilian Registry.
  5. Individuals born in Portuguese territory, of foreign parents, if at least one of the parents was also born in Portuguese territory and is a Portuguese resident at the time of birth, independent of proof.
  6. Individuals born in Portuguese territory, of foreign parents that are not at the service of their country’s government, that don’t declare the unwillingness to be Portuguese Nationals, as long as, at the time of birth, one of the parents legally resides in Portugal for over two years.
  7. Individuals born in Portuguese territory that don’t have any other nationality.

 

Portuguese nationality can also be unoriginal, in which case its effects only start from the date the acquisition of the citizenship, when it’s registered in the National Records. That happens in the following situations:

  1. Foreign minor or disabled national, whose mother of father had acquired Portuguese citizenship, after its birth, can also acquire Portuguese citizenship if, by means of its legal representatives, the will to be a Portuguese National is declared, as long as none of the circumstances that prevent citizenship acquisition occurs.
  2. A foreign national that has been married or living in a stable union with a Portuguese national can acquire Portuguese citizenship if such will is declared while in the existence of the marriage or union, as long as none of the circumstances that prevent citizenship acquisition occurs.
  3. A foreign national that, having been a Portuguese citizen, lost such quality as a minor or incapable, by effect of its representative’s declaration, can reacquire Portuguese citizenship if it so declares, being capable to do so, as long as none of the circumstances that prevent citizenship acquisition occurs.
  4. The foreign citizen, adopted by Portuguese national, under the effect of the Portuguese Nationality Law 37/81 of October 3rd, acquires Portuguese citizenship by effect of said Law, as long as none of the circumstances that prevent citizenship acquisition occurs.
  5. The foreign citizens, being of age or emancipated according to Portuguese Law, that have legal residence in Portuguese territory for over 6 years, as long as they have sufficient knowledge of the Portuguese language and have not been fully convicted for a crime with a penalty of imprisonment of three years or over, according to the Portuguese Law, upon request made to the Portuguese Minister of Justice.
  6. The minors, as defined by the Portuguese Law, born in Portuguese territory, from foreign parents, as long as they have sufficient knowledge of the Portuguese language and have not been fully convicted for a crime with a penalty of imprisonment of three years or over according to Portuguese Law and one of the parents legally resides in Portugal for over five years or if the minor has concluded the 1st stage of basic school (4th grade) in Portugal, upon request made to the Portuguese Minister of Justice.
  7. The individuals that, while having had Portuguese citizenship and, having lost it, never acquired other nationality, as long as they are of age or emancipated according to Portuguese Law, and have not been fully convicted for a crime with a penalty of imprisonment of three years or over according to Portuguese Law, upon request made to the Portuguese Minister of Justice.
  8. The individuals born on Portuguese Territory, of foreign parents, that have remained regularly in Portuguese territory in the 10 years prior to the request, as long they are of age or emancipated according to the Portuguese Law, have sufficient knowledge of the Portuguese language and have not been fully convicted for a crime with a penalty of imprisonment of three years or over according to the Portuguese Law, upon request made to the Portuguese Minister of Justice.
  9. The individuals that, not being stateless, have had Portuguese citizenship, are of Portuguese descent, members of communities of Portuguese ascent and foreigners that have provided or are called to provide relevant service to the Portuguese state or Portuguese community, as long they are of age or emancipated according to the Portuguese Law, have sufficient knowledge of the Portuguese language and have not been fully convicted for a crime with a penalty of imprisonment of three years or over according to Portuguese Law, upon request made to the Portuguese Minister of Justice.
  10. The descendants of Portuguese Sephardic Jews, through the demonstration of the tradition of belonging to a Sephardic Jew community of Portuguese origin, based on proven objective requirements of connection with Portugal, namely surnames, family idiom, lineal or collateral descent, as long they are of age or emancipated according to Portuguese Law, have sufficient knowledge of the Portuguese language and have not been fully convicted for a crime with a penalty of imprisonment of three years or over according to Portuguese Law, upon request made to the Portuguese Minister of Justice
  11. A foreign citizen that has been fully adopted by a Portuguese National, before the Portuguese Nationality Law 37/81 of October 3rd came into effect, can become a Portuguese citizen if it so declares, as long as none of the circumstances that prevent citizenship acquisition occurs.
  12. Finally, it’s possible to reacquire Portuguese citizenship. Reacquisition of Portuguese Nationality is possible for those who, before October the 3rd 1981, lost Portuguese Citizenship by way of marriage with a foreign person or voluntary acquisition of foreign nationality.

Our services include the gathering of all forms and documents necessary for the effect, establishing all the necessary connections and accompany our client before the Portuguese authorities.

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